In a devolved system, these are ideals that the federal and state governments should pursue. States especially should design and implement programmes to reduce recidivism, mount campaigns against stigmatisation of ex-convicts and help them with a means of livelihood. Governments should build more correctional centres to aid decongestion; minors should never be herded into prisons but placed in hospitable remand homes.

The police hierarchy should clamp down on its officers who arrest persons thoughtlessly; magistrates should investigate cases in detail before sending suspects to prison. State chief judges and governors should exercise their mandates to regularly visit prisons and police detention cells to release those deserving of early release.